From the commentary of the Diamond Sutra states:
Furthermore, should there be sentient beings with hatred and anger but can accept unjust done unto him, can bear verbal abuse from others, can face wrongs with integrity, can resign oneself to adversity, and have no complaints or hatred but transcend instead, then this is called: Attainment of the third Patience (Tolerance) Paramita
Patience can help us stay away from all external hindrances, so it takes “armor” as its name; thus, the saying “armor of patience.” Patience can ward off all external hardships, so it takes “robe” as its name, hence the saying “the robe of patience.”
There are many meanings of patience. In brief, there are two definitions:
A. Patience under suffering [physical patience]: In encountering various misfortunes, one subdues oneself to restore one’s true nature by doing everything to suppress this suffering; thus, this is known as ordinary patience [patience under all circumstances].
B. Patience in discerning all Dharma [mental patience]: In encountering various misfortunes, one does not allow greed or hatred to arise as if nothing has happened and easily maintains one’s compose; thus it is known as the patience of the truth of no rebirth.
If one regards profound wisdom as revealing patience, one will naturally be able to get rid of the shortsighted belittlement of others. If one regards a great compassionate mind as providing the capacity for patience, one will naturally get rid of hatred and anger. If one regards “having no ego” as the implementation of patience one will naturally get rid of grudges and anxiety. If one regards great endurance as the absolute principle for patience, one will naturally get rid of hesitation and frailty. If one regards righteous views as the main strength of patience, one will naturally get rid of affectation and pretension.
One instance of patience can produce a thousand auspicious situations; yielding one step can add a hundred blessings.
- Enduring one violent episode of Chi can increase auspicious episodes of Chi by one.
- Subduing one hateful episode of Chi can increase harmonious episodes of Chi by one.
- Restraining one angry episode of Chi can increase good episodes of Chi by one.
Momentary restraint can bring forth peaceful winds and quiet water [a serene atmosphere], and yielding one step will lead to a broad ocean and vast sky [give you all the space you need]. Only a big capacity for patience can produce great virtue, and only accepting disadvantages can lead to blessings.
“The highest excellence is like (that of) water. The excellence of water appears in its benefiting all things, and in its occupying, without striving (to the contrary).”